Peru was home to the Inca civilization whose empire was conquered by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence from the Spanish in 1821, and defeated the remaining Spanish control by 1824. Today, Peru has one of the best economies in Latin America and boasts industries in mining and refining of minerals, fishing, and tourism. Archaeological monuments, beaches, and rainforests consist of the most tourist destinations.


President: Pedro Castillo

Language: Spanish 84.1%, Quechua 13%, Aymara 1.7%

Currency: Sol

Main Sport: Soccer


Population: 31,036,656

Land Area: 496,200 sq. mi.

Unemployment Rate: 7.10 %

Population Under Poverty Line: 22.7 %


Roman Catholic: 81%

Evangelical: 13%

Other: 6%