Cuba was a Spanish colony until the Spanish-American War of 1898. Becoming increasingly more fragile as a country, slowly Cuba’s rule came under a dictatorship that climaxed in the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. During the Cold War, Cuba fell in the middle of the contention between the Soviet Union and the United States, nearly leading to a nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Today, Cuba is dominated by the exportation of sugar, tobacco, coffee, and skilled labor and ranks highly in national performance including health care and education.