Peru is located along the west coast of South America and is only slightly smaller than the state of Alaska. The third largest country in South America, Peru is divided by the Andes mountains into three regions: the coast, the highlands, and the rainforest. Lima, the capital city of Peru has a population of 9.897 million people. 45% of the population is Amerindian, 37% is mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white), and 15% is white.
Peru was home to the Inca civilization whose empire was conquered by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence from the Spanish in 1821, and defeated the remaining Spanish control by 1824. Today, Peru has one of the best economies in Latin America and boasts industries in mining and refining of minerals, fishing, and tourism. Archaeological monuments, beaches, and rainforests consist of the most tourist destinations.
President: Pedro Pablo Godard
Language: Spanish 84.1%, Quechua 13%, Aymara 1.7%
Main Sport: Soccer
Land Area: 496,200 sq. mi.
Unemployment Rate: 7.10 %
Population Under Poverty Line: 22.7 %
Roman Catholic 81%